Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world, being mostly eaten raw as a crunchy salad vegetable. They have numerous varieties, varying in size, flavor, color, and length of time they take to mature. Radishes owe their sharp flavor to the various chemical compounds produced by the plants, including glucosinolate, myrosinase, and isothiocyanate. They are sometimes grown as companion plants and suffer from few pests and diseases. They germinate quickly and grow rapidly, smaller varieties being ready for consumption within a month, while larger daikon varieties take several months.
Radish helps to cleanse out liver and stomach, thus detoxifying it; black radish and its leaves have been used for the longest time to treat jaundice because it can get rid of excess bilirubin. And because of that particular property, it also helps to purify our blood. They keep hypothyroidism in check too, because of its sulphur content.
- Relieves Jaundice
Radishes are very good for the liver and stomach and act as a powerful detoxifier too.Radishes reduce the destruction of red blood cells that occurs in people suffering from jaundice by increasing the supply of fresh oxygen to the blood. Black radishes are more preferred in the treatment of jaundice, and radish leaves are also very useful for the same.
It is still considered by many to be an effective home remedy for this disorder.
- Boosts Immunity
Radish contains vitamin C which boosts the immune system, protects from many diseases, strengthens blood vessel walls and reduces the chances of atherosclerosis and heart diseases.
- Aids in Digestion
Radishes are rich in fiber which can add considerable bulk (and regularity) to bowel movements that may help relieve the symptoms of constipation. It also promotes the production of bile and promotes digestion.
- Prevents Piles
Radishes are considered to have roughage and are composed of indigestible carbohydrates. This facilitates digestion, water retention, and alleviates constipation, which is one of the major causes of piles also referred to as hemorrhoids. As a good detoxifier, they help relieve the symptoms of piles very quickly. Radish juice also soothes the digestive and excretory system, further relieving the symptoms of piles.
- Anticancer Properties
Since radishes are detoxifiers and are rich in vitamin C, folic acid, and anthocyanins, they have been linked with having a protective effect against some type of cancers, particularly colon, kidney, intestinal, stomach, and oral cancer.they eliminate cancer cell from reproducing as it contains isothiocyanates.
- Urinary Disorders
Radishes are diuretic in nature, which means that they increase the production of urine. Radish juice also helps reduce inflammation and may relieve the burning sensation during urination. It may also inhibit infections in the kidneys and urinary system, thus helping the treatment of various urinary conditions that are exacerbated by excess toxins in the system.
It can help induce cell death in a common fungus known as Candida albicans, which can cause oral infections and vaginal yeast infections.
- Weight Loss
Radishes are very filling, which mean that they satisfy your hunger without running up the calorie count. They are also low in digestible carbohydrates, high in roughage (insoluble fiber), and contain a large water content. Thus they are a very good dietary option for those who are determined to lose weight. Furthermore, they are high in fiber and low on the glycemic index (GI), which means that they regulate bowel movements, thereby helping in weight loss and increasing the efficiency of metabolism.
- Improves Cardiovascular Health
Radishes are a great source of anthocyanins, a flavonoid, which not only give color to radishes but also provide numerous health benefits. Anthocyanins have been the subject of numerous medical studies, and have been positively associated with reducing the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.
- Leucoderma (Vitiligo)
The detoxifying and anti-carcinogenic properties of radishes make their seeds useful in the treatment of leucoderma. You can eat radishes as well to aid in the treatment of leucoderma.
- Relieves Respiratory Disorders
Radishes are an anti-congestive, meaning that they decrease congestion of the respiratory system including irritation of the nose, throat, windpipe, and lungs that can come from colds, infections, allergies, and other causes. They are a great disinfectant and are rich in vitamins, which further protects the respiratory system.
Radishes have a strong, natural spice to them, and they are also quite pungent, which is very good for preventing illnesses. They also eliminate excess mucus in the throat. Furthermore, radishes have been known to soothe sore throats and relieve congestion by clearing the sinuses.
- Lowers Blood Pressure
Radishes are a very good source of potassium, which contributes to a large list of health benefits. It is also a main component of the very popular and effective DASH diet. When potassium interacts with the arterial supply of vascular beds, it can relax the blood vessels, and therefore promote blood flow. It also reduces the blood pressure by widening the flow of the blood, instead of forcing it through narrow, constricted channels.
- Manages Diabetes
Radish have low glycemic index which does not increase blood sugar levels. It also regulate the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream and controls diabetes.
- Skin Care
Vitamin C, zinc, and some members of the vitamin-B family, present in radishes are good for the skin. The high water content in radishes also helps to maintain healthy moisture levels and hydration of the skin. Due to its disinfectant properties, radishes also help clear up skin disorders like dry skin, rashes, and cracks. Due to the presence of niacin, it also helps prevent the skin condition pellagra.
- Protects Kidneys
Radishes are thought to act as a diuretic, cleanser, and disinfectant which can aid in relieving symptoms of kidney ailments. They are low in potassium and phosphorus and may make a great choice for patients on hemodialysis.
- Insect Bites
Radishes have antipruritic properties and can be used as an effective treatment for insect bites and bee stings. Radish juice may also reduce pain and swelling and soothes the affected area.
- Keeps you Hydrated
Radishes are mostly composed of water so they are a great way to keep your body hydrated, which is very beneficial for your health. Adequate hydration is beneficial for digestive and overall health. Staying hydrated may assist in relieving constipation, improving digestion, and ensuring proper uptake of nutrients from the food we eat.
- Protects Liver & Gallbladder
Radishes are considered beneficial for liver and gallbladder functions and may provide relief from cholesterol gallstones and may also reduce triglycerides and increase HDL or good cholesterol levels.
It is best to eat radish during the daytime, when your metabolism is at its peak. Avoid this vegetable in any form during the night, and in fact after sundown, since your metabolism will start to dip by then and will become the slowest during the night. Avocado, celery, scallion, lemon, cauliflower, peas, tomatoes, asparagus, broccoli, and spring greens. Parsley, pepper, chives, thyme, cilantro, and dill. Crab, grains like farro, rice, or millet, lentils, pork, tofu, and eggs and cream cheese, vinegar, cream, and feta goes well with radish..
Ways to use radish
- Radishes can be eaten raw either as a whole or as a slaw or in salads with carrots, beets, cucumber, lettuce, etc.
- In French breakfast, radishes served with sweet butter and salt.
- The roots mixed with other vegetables in the preparation of steamed, stir-fried or sauteed recipes in many region.
- In North India and Pakistan, the root is grated and mixed with spice and seasonings and stuffed inside bread to prepare “mooli paratha.”
- Pickled daikon (kimchi) is a traditional Korean specialty.
- Radish pods (moongre in India) are eaten raw in salads or stir-fries in many parts of Asia
- Its top greens often mixed with other greens like spinach, turnip greens, etc., used in the preparation of soups, curries as well as in cooked vegetable recipes.
How to buy and store radish
Buy radish that feature fresh, stout and firm in texture. Their top greens also should be fresh and feature crispy green without any yellow, shriveled leaves. Avoid roots that have cracks or cuts on their surface. Look carefully for the change in their texture and color. Yellowness indicated the stock is old. If the root yields to pressure and soft, the interior likely be pithy instead of crispy.
Store radish in a plastic bag or zip pouch after removing the top greens and washing it thoroughly. Keep them in a refrigerator they can be stored for upto a week.
Uses of radish
As A Natural Cleanser
Smashed raw radish can be used topically on your skin. It serves as a great natural cleanser and an effective face pack too
Radishes can also fight dandruff problems. Rub your scalp with radish juice and cover with the help of a towel. After an hour, wash it thoroughly.
- Radish Juice Treatment For Hair Fall
Peel a fresh radish, grate it and then take out the juice. Rub it on the scalp and cover your head for thirty minutes. Alternately, it can be left overnight and washed off the next morning. Do it every day to treat dandruff and hair fall.
Juice-Olive Oil Skin Tonic
Mix the fresh juice of radish and olive oil together and use it on your skin in circular motions to treat dryness and crack.
- Radish Juice Face Mask
Mix radish juice with fresh yogurt and honey. Add a few drops of bergamot oil. Use this mask to get glowing skin.
Mix radish juice with whisked egg white and oatmeal powder. Use it as a natural skin polisher.
- Radish Juice For Freckles And Blemishes
Use the fresh juice of radish on your skin for twenty minutes regularly to treat freckles, blemishes, and blackheads.
- Reduces Fever
Drink radish juice mixed with black salt, to get relief from fever.
Season in which radish are available
Radishes can be available year-round; with the peak season being winter and spring. Daikons are most flavorful and juicy during winter.
How to make mooli ki sabzi
2 cup Radish/ Mooli chopped
5 cup Radish Leaves / Mooli ke patte chopped
4 Green Chillies / Hari Mirch chopped
1 tsp Salt / Namak
1/2 tsp Turmeric Powder / Haldi Powder
1 tsp Mango Powder / Amchoor Powder
1 tsp Coriander Powder / Dhania Powder
1 tsp Red Chilli powder / Laal mirch powder
4 tbsp Mustard Oil / Sarson ka tel
1/3 tsp Asafoetida / Hing powder
3/4 tsp Carom Seeds / Ajwain
Wash reddish and the leaves .Use only the fresh and green leaves,do not use the leaves which are yellow in colour.
Scrap the radish and then chop the root and leaves along with the steams
Pressure cook them with a glass of water for 2 whistle or boil till done.*
Drain and gently squeeze out the water from the boiled vegetable.(can use this water to make chapati/roti dough)
Heat oil in a pan and add carom seeds ,as soon as it start crackling add asafoetida and chopped green chilies.stir for few seconds.(don’t overcook ajwain /carom seeds else it will taste bitter)
Now add turmeric and boiled radish,mix and saute for a minute.
Add salt and all the spices ,mix and cook on medium flame for 2-3 minutes.
Keep stirring in between,then cook on slow flame for 2-3 minutes.
Serve hot with chapati,rice or khichdi
1- You can directly add the chopped vegetables(without boiling ) at step 5 and cook on low heat till done (dry up the water completely). Tastes great both ways.
2-Traditionally mustard oil is used in preparing this dish, but you may use any vegetable oil of your choice.
3-You may adjust the quantity of root and leaves according to your preference and availability. This dish can be made just with the root, if the greens aren’t available.
How to make Mullangi Curry(South Indian Style Radish Stir Fry) Recipe
2 Mooli/ Mullangi (Radish), (cleaned, peeled & chopped)
1/8 teaspoon Turmeric powder (Haldi)
2 teaspoons Red chilli powder
1 teaspoon Coriander Powder (Dhania)
Salt, to taste
1 tablespoon Sesame (Gingelly) Oil
1 teaspoon Chana dal (Bengal Gram Dal)
1 teaspoon Black Urad Dal (Split)
1 teaspoon Cumin seeds (Jeera)
1 sprig Curry leaves
To prepare Mullangi Curry(South Indian Style Radish Stir Fry) Recipe, heat a pan with oil over low flame.
Temper with all the tempering ingredients in the order given.
Once tempered, add the radish and stir to mix.
Add the turmeric powder, chilli powder, coriander powder and salt.
Mix well, add half cup of water and cook covered till the radish cooks and becomes soft.
Keep stirring occasionally for uniform cooking.
Once the radish is soft, open the lid and cook on high, stirring continuously for 30-40 seconds and switch off.
Your South Indian Style Mullangi Curry is ready to be served as a side dish with rasam and steamed rice.
Radish contain goitrogens which can cause swelling in the thyroid gland. Individuals who are suffering from thyroid dysfunction should avoid consumption of radish.
Don’t use radish if you have gallstones.
Excess radish consumption may also lead to low blood pressure and also cause hypoglycemia.
Fun Facts About Radishes
- The word “radish” comes from the Latin “radix,” meaning “root,” and the Greek word “raphanus,” which translates to “quickly appearing”.
- First cultivated in China, radish crops spread through the Northern Hemisphere and into Europe in the 1500s. Radishes had reached Massachusetts by 1629.
- Radishes are members of the Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage) family. The root is related to kale, broccoli, cauliflower, and horseradish, among others.
- Radishes are a great low-cal snack; one cup of sliced radishes has only 19 calories.
- Radishes are related to wasabi, a type of horseradish, which in paste form is a staple condiment of Japanese cuisine.
- Most states grow radishes, but California and Florida boast the biggest crops in the United States.
- Radishes grow rapidly so, radish plants are ideal for children’s gardens. The scientific name for the genus that includes radishes is Raphanus, Greek for “quickly appearing.”
- Several varieties of radishes are available year-round. They vary in size, taste, and color but share nutritional values.