Cudpahnut is also called chironji nuts or chiroli. Chironji seeds are most commonly used as ingredients in the making of most Indian sweets and other savory items. Chironji seeds are produced from a tree known as Buchanania lanzan which is cultivated across India, popularly in the northwest. The Buchanania lanzan plant is a deciduous tree that can grow up to a height of 15 meters and belongs to the same family as cashew nuts. A Chironji plant bears fruits and each Chironji fruit contains a single Chironji seed.The seeds can be eaten raw but are mostly roasted or fried to increase their flavor, while the fruits are known to be one of the most delicious fruits.Chironji which is also known as charoli has a unique taste which is slightly sweet, slightly acidic similar to the flavor of almonds. They are similar to pine nuts and are small, rounded nuts resembling Egyptian lentils.Chironji nuts are among the” everything sweet” and “everything nutty” that is craved for the people in North India. It is used to make delicious mouth-watering and magical mood sweets for popular festivals in India like Diwali. All parts of the Chironji plant from the fruits, seeds, leaves and roots are useful in making traditional medicines.
Cudpahnut contains lot of vitamins and minerals. It is beneficial for skin rashes, infertility, respiratory disorders, headache and constipation.
Treating Respiratory Illnesses
Cudpahnut is used to treat respiratory problems. The Chironji seeds which contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory activity help to relieve nasal and chest congestion.
Regular Bowel Movements
Chironji seeds contain astringent properties that helps in binding stool and regulating the bowel movements. It is also used to treat diarrhea and other digestive problems.
Cudpahnut contains lots of vitamins and minerals which are very beneficial for the skin.
Cudpahnut has anti-microbial and anti-biofilm properties. Thus, helping in healing the wound faster.
Cure Mouth Ulcers
The traditional medicine made using the Chironji plant has been used to treat mouth ulcers. Chironji is also believed to have a cooling effect on the body in addition to its treatment of the digestive problems which contributes to treatment of ulcers.
Another health benefit of this plant is the treatment of diabetes. The extract from Chironji seed contains antioxidant properties which help reduce or protect from oxidative stress and as a result help in the treatment of diabetes.
When the oil is extracted from the Chironji seed and applied externally to a swollen gland in the neck, it helps to reduce the swelling. Furthermore, the oil can be applied on the skin to treat skin infections as well as riding one off scars and blemishes. It has also been known to effectively contribute in the treatment of joint pain and rheumatic inflammation.
Postnatal Care for Mothers
Charoli plant has been used to make traditional medicine. These medicines were usually given to the mother after child birth. This is because the nutrients contained in the charoli extract are known to have properties that stimulate the immunity.
Cure Digestion Problems
The extract from the roots of Chironji tend to have expectorant properties. These properties help in treating the digestive problems and blood infections which usually occur as a result of gallbladder or liver dysfunction.
Strengthen Your Heart
Cudpahnut has strong aphrodisiac, expectorant and purgative properties. It is used for relieving fatigue and the leaves can be powdered to treat the wounds as well. Cudpahnut is also used to strengthen the heart.
Cudpahnut can be eaten at any time of day. It goes well with everything.
Uses of chironji
For a beautiful and glowing skin powdered charoli seeds are added to milk to make paste and used as face mask for 15 minutes daily. These seeds are also very useful when used as scrubs as they remove and exfoliate dirt and dead cells there by cleansing your skin as well as removing the facial hair. In addition, the seeds also help to prevent skin infections such as acne and pimples. It can also be used to treat skin infections by mixing it with rose water and applying to the affected areas. The charoli oil has highly contributed to the cosmetic industry in making natural cosmetic products that are skin friendly.
The Chironji oil when added to hot water and inhaled in the form of steam, loosens the mucous and provides immediate relief from cold and cough.
Ways to use Chironji
Cudpahnut is mainly used as a cooking spice. It has nutty flavor and taste which is similar to almonds. Cudpahnut is used both in sweet and savoury dishes and making other confectionary dishes. They are used in India to garnish halvas, cakes and creams and in puddings and pillaos.
How to buy and store
You can store them upto 6 months in an airtight container. Buy nuts which do not have any holes or insects in it.
Season in which cudpahnut is available
Cudpahnut is available all year round
How to make Chironji And Makhane Ki Kheer Recipe
- 1 cup Phool Makhana (Lotus Seeds)
- 1 teaspoon Ghee
- 1 liter Milk
- 1/4 cup Sugar
- 1/2 teaspoon Cardamom Powder (Elaichi)
- 1/2 inch Cinnamon Stick (Dalchini)
- Saffron strands, a few
- Ingredients for Roasted Nuts
- 1 tablespoon Badam (Almond), sliced
- 1/4 cup Raisins
- 1 tablespoon Chironji
- 1 teaspoon Ghee
- To begin making the Chironji & Makhane Ki Kheer Recipe, we will first roast the phool makhana in ghee until crisp and aromatic.
- Heat a teaspoon of ghee in a heavy bottomed pan and roast makhana while continuous stirring until they become light brown and crisp. Once done, remove from kadai and set aside to cool.
- Coarsely grind half of the roasted makhana in a mixer grinder and keep aside. We will use the remaining roasted makhana as a whole into the kheer.
- Boil the milk in a heavy bottomed pan and condense the milk until it becomes just close to half. Keep stirring occasionally to prevent the milk from settling into the bottom of the pan.
- Once the milk is condensed, add the sugar, the roasted Makhana (whole) and coarsely ground Makhana. Mix well and cook on a medium flame for 5 to 10 minutes, while stirring occasionally until the kheer becomes thick and the makhana has absorbed and cooked through.
- Add the saffron and nutmeg powder into the kheer, mix well and cook on a medium flame for another 3 to 4 minutes, while stirring occasionally.
- While the kheer is cooking, heat a teaspoon of ghee into another small pan and roast all the dry fruits in it till lightly brown and you get a roasted aroma.
- Add the half of the roasted dry fruits to the Makhane Ki Kheer and simmer for 3-4 minutes and turn off the heat.
- Serve Chironji And Makhane Ki Kheer after your delicious festive meal of Jodhpuri Aloo, Ajwain Puri, Satvik Carrot Sprout Salad and Mirchi Ka Chunda.
How to make Chironji ki Dal Recipe
Ingredients Of Chironji Ki Dal
1 Cup Chironji (charoli seeds), soaked
2 Tbsp Ghee
1 tsp Cumin seeds
2-3 Green cardamoms
1 Tbsp Ginger, finely chopped
2 Green chillies (slit)
1 Tbsp Coriander powder
2 tsp Rock salt
1/2 tsp Chilli powder
2 Tbsp Yogurt
1/2 Ghiya (optional), chopped
To garnish Coriander leaves
1.Rub the seeds to remove the husk, discard the husk.
2.Grind or blend half into a paste. Heat ghee, add cumin, cardamoms and peppercorns. Saute a little, add the ginger.
3.When the ginger browns a little, (If you are using ghiya first add the ghiya and saute) add the yoghurt a little at a time, stirring well to avoid scorching. When the oil separates, add coriander, salt, chilli powder and green chillies.
4.Saute further, add the chironji and turn around to mix well. Add enough water to come up to about 2 cm above the mixture and bring to a boil.
5.Simmer till the chironji is cooked through. Serve hot garnished with coriander leaves.
Cudpahnut seeds can make a loss of appetite to those people who have weak digestive system or weak stomach. It can also cause constipation. Frequent urinating during the nights is one of the side effects caused to patients who consume it orally or apply it externally.
Fun facts about cudpahnut
Chironji trees grow more than 50 metres tall.