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Physical activity is a must to get started with for gaining muscles. However, proper nutrition support is also very essential for getting your progress going on. Foods rich in proteins are known to be the best for gaining muscles, but foods rich in carbohydrates are also important for gaining energy.
If your goal is to gain lean muscle, you should focus on exercising regularly and eating more calories each day from muscle-building foods.
Here are 26 of the top foods for gaining lean muscle.
Firstly, we all know that Eggs contain high-quality protein, healthy fats and other essential nutrients like B vitamins and choline .
Eggs contain large amounts of the amino acid leucine, which is especially essential for muscle gain as proteins are made up of amino acids.
Also, B vitamins are significantly useful for a variety of processes in your body, including energy production.
2. Pork Tenderloin
Pork is widely consumed in many countries.
Pork tenderloin is a lean cut of meat that provides 18 grams of protein and only two grams of fat per 3 ounces (85 grams).
Some research has shown that pork has effects similar to those of other muscle-building foods, such as beef and chicken.
3. Chicken Breast
Indeed, the reason for which chicken breast are proved to be a staple for gaining muscle.
They are filled with protein, with each 3-ounce (85-gram) serving containing about 26 grams of high-quality protein.
They also contain enormous amounts of the B vitamins niacin and B6, which are especially important if you are active.
These vitamins help your body function properly during the physical activity and exercise that’s necessary for optimal muscle gain.
Not only this, higher-protein diets containing chicken may help in fat loss.
Edamame is the term for immature soybeans. These developing beans are found in pods and served in a variety of dishes, particularly those of Asian origin.
One cup (155 grams) of frozen edamame provides around 17 grams of protein and 8 grams of fiber. It also contains large amounts of folate, vitamin K and manganese.
Also, among other functions, folate helps your body process amino acids, the building blocks of protein.
In fact, folate may be important for optimal muscle mass and strength, particularly in the elderly.
In addition to 20 grams of protein per 3-ounce (85-gram) serving, tuna contains high amounts of vitamin A and several B vitamins, including B12, niacin, and B6. These nutrients are essential for optimal health, energy, and exercise performance
Additionally, tuna provides large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, which may support muscle health
This may be particularly important for older adults. Research has also shown that omega-3 fatty acids can slow the loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with age
Like shrimp, tilapia and lean poultry, scallops provide protein with very little fat.
If you are looking to add protein to your diet without consuming too many calories, these very lean sources may be good choices.
Three ounces (85 grams) of scallops provide around 20 grams of protein and fewer than 100 calories.
7. Lean Jerky
At times, you may want high-quality protein from meat when you’re on the go. If so, lean jerky meats may be an option to consider.
Manydifferent types of meat can be made into jerky, so the nutrition facts vary.
However, most fat is removed from lean jerky during processing, so almost all calories in jerky come directly from protein.
These animal sources of protein are high in quality and stimulate muscle growth.
Half a cup (86 grams) of cooked soybeans contains 14 grams of protein, healthy unsaturated fats and several vitamins and minerals.
Soybeans are a particularly good source of vitamin K, iron and phosphorus.
Iron is used to store and transport oxygen in your blood and muscles, and a deficiency can impair these functions.
Young women may be particularly at risk of iron deficiency due to blood loss during menstruation.
Peanuts contain a mix of protein, fat and carbs. A half-cup (73-gram) serving contains 17 grams of protein, 16 grams of carbs and large amounts of unsaturated fat.
They also contain higher amounts of the amino acid leucine than many other plant products.
Each half-cup (73-gram) serving of peanuts contains around 425 calories.
So if you’re having a hard time getting enough calories to drive your muscle gain, eating peanuts could be a good way to get some extra calories and nutrients.
Additionally, nuts are thought to play an important role in an overall healthy diet.
10. Turkey Breast
A 3-ounce (85-gram) serving of turkey breast contains around 25 grams of protein and almost no fat or carbs.
Turkey is also a good source of the B vitamin niacin, which helps process fats and carbohydrates in your body.
Having optimal levels of B vitamins could help you gain muscle over time by supporting your body’s ability to exercise.
Although it doesn’t have as much omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, tilapia is another protein-packed seafood item.
A 3-ounce (85-gram) serving provides around 21 grams of protein, along with good amounts of vitamin B12 and selenium.
Vitamin B12 is important for the health of your blood cells and nerves, which allows you to perform the exercise you need in order to gain muscle.
Many different varieties of beans can be part of a diet for lean muscle gain.
Popular varieties, such as black, pinto and kidney beans, contain around 15 grams of protein per cup (about 172 grams) of cooked beans.
What’s more, they are excellent sources of fiber and B vitamins, in addition to being high in magnesium, phosphorus and iron.
For these reasons, beans are a good source of plant-based protein to add to your diet.
What’s more, they may play a role in long-term health and disease prevention.
13. Protein Powders
While any good diet should focus on whole foods, there are times when dietary supplements can be beneficial.
If you struggle to get enough protein from foods alone, you could consider adding protein shakes to your daily routine.
Dairy protein powders, such as whey and casein, are some of the most popular.
However, there are other options too. Some protein powders also use soy, pea, beef, or chicken protein.
You can find a variety of protein powders online.
14. Greek Yogurt
Dairy contains high-quality protein along with a mixture of fast-digesting whey protein and slow-digesting casein protein.
lean mass increases when a combination of fast- and slow-digesting dairy proteins is consumed.
However, not all dairy is created equal.
For example, regular yogurt often contains approximately half the amount of protein as Greek yogurt.
Greek yoghurt is definitely a good snack for all the times, but eating it after a workout or before bed may be beneficial due to its mixture of fast- and slow-digesting proteins.
While protein-rich foods are a priority for building lean muscle, it’s also important to have the fuel to get active.
Foods with carbohydrates can help provide this energy.
Cooked quinoa contains about 40 grams of carbs per cup (185 grams), along with 8 grams of protein, 5 grams of fiber and hearty amounts of magnesium and phosphorus (42).
Magnesium plays an important role in the function of your muscles and nerves, both of which are used every time you move.
16. Lean Beef
Beef is packed with high-quality protein, B vitamins, minerals and creatine
Some research has even shown that consuming lean red meat can increase the amount of lean mass gained with weight training.
However, even when you’re trying to gain muscle, it may be best to choose beef that supports muscle gain without providing too many extra calories.
For example, 3 ounces (85 grams) of 70% lean ground beef contains 228 calories and a whopping 15 grams of fat.
However, the same amount of 95% lean ground beef contains slightly more protein and only 145 calories and 5 grams of fat.
Shrimp are almost pure protein. Each 3-ounce (85-gram) serving contains 18 grams of protein, 1 gram of fat and zero carbs.
While healthy fats and carbs are important in your overall diet, adding some shrimp is an easy way to get muscle-building protein without too many additional calories.
Like many other animal proteins, shrimp contains a high amount of the amino acid leucine, which is necessary for optimal muscle growth.
Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a good source of both carbs and protein.
Each 1-cup (240-gram) serving of canned chickpeas contains around 12 grams of protein and 50 grams of carbs, including 10 grams of fiber.
As with many plants, the protein in chickpeas is considered lower quality than animal sources. However, it can still be part of a balanced muscle-building diet.
19. Cottage Cheese
One cup (226 grams) of low-fat cottage cheese packs 28 grams of protein, including a hearty dose of the important muscle-building amino acid leucine.
Like other dairy products, cottage cheese can be purchased with varying fat contents. High-fat versions like creamed cottage cheese provide more calories.
Choosing which type of cottage cheese is best simply depends on how many extra calories you want to add to your diet.
Regardless of which type you choose, it’s a great muscle-building snack.
Buckwheat is a seed that can be ground into flour and used in place of traditional flours.
Half a cup (60 grams) of buckwheat flour contains around 8 grams of protein, along with plenty of fiber and other carbs.
Buckwheat has become a very popular health food due to its impressive vitamin and mineral content.
It contains high amounts of B vitamins, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus.
These vitamins and minerals can help your body stay healthy and able to perform muscle-building exercises.
Tofu is produced from soy milk and often used as a meat substitute.
Each half-cup (124-gram) serving of raw tofu contains 10 grams of protein, 6 grams of fat and 2 grams of carbohydrates.
Tofu is also a good source of calcium, which is important for proper muscle function and bone health.
Soy protein, found in foods like tofu and soybeans, is considered one of the highest-quality plant proteins.
For all these reasons, foods containing soy protein are great options for vegans and vegetarians.
Salmon is also a great food for muscle building and complete health.
Each 3-ounce (85-gram) serving of salmon has around 17 grams of protein, almost 2 grams of omega-3 fatty acids and several essential B vitamins.
Omega-3 fatty acids are key things that help in muscular health and can also increase muscle gain during exercise programs.
Milk provides a mix of protein, carbohydrates and fats.
Similar to other dairy products, milk contains both fast- and slow-digesting proteins.
This is thought to be beneficial for muscle growth. In fact, several studies have shown that people can increase their muscle mass when they drink milk in combination with weight training.
Half a cup (about 172 grams) of blanched almonds provides 16 grams of protein and large amounts of vitamin E, magnesium and phosphorus.
Among other roles, phosphorus helps your body use carbohydrates and fats for energy at rest and during exercise.
As with peanuts, almonds should be consumed in moderation due to their high-calorie content. Half a cup of blanched almonds contains more than 400 calories.
Similar to beef, bison provides about 22 grams of protein per 3-ounce (85-gram) serving.
However, some research has shown that bison may be better than beef in terms of the risk of heart disease.
If you like to eat red meat as part of your muscle-building diet but also worry about your heart health, you could consider replacing some beef with bison.
26. Brown Rice
Although cooked brown rice provides only 5 grams of protein per cup (195 grams), it has the carbohydrates you need to fuel your physical activity.
Consider eating healthy carb sources like brown rice or quinoa in the hours leading up to exercise.
This also may allow you to exercise harder, providing your body with a greater stimulus for your muscles to grow.
Furthermore, some research has shown that rice protein supplements can produce as much muscle gain as whey protein during a weight-training program.
The Bottom Line
Numerous foods can help you gain lean muscle. Many of them are protein-packed and allow your muscles to recover and grow after you have been active.
However, it is also important to consume carbohydrates and fats to provide fuel for exercise and physical activity.
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