Food waste: a major issue in Indiacontact@nuturemite.info
Today we find a large number of cuisines being squandered in the functions or any other ceremonies. Food waste is considered as one of the massive problem these days. Today we can find millions of food being wasted all over the world. One can observe that around 40% of the total production of food is being wasted every year in India itself. According to a Development Programme of the UN, facts regarding wattage of food has been revealed. It said that almost 50,000 crores value food is being tested around all parts of our country and thus is equivalent to 21 million tonnes of wheat.
When the problem is arising from all countries then the quantity of wastage has increased to 1.3 billion tonnes every year. Usually people only count the quantity of food before wasting it but they should also consider the amount of water used to produce the crop. Also the hard work of the farmers who went starving for purchasing the seeds, pesticides and insecticides. One should also not forget to include the amount of electricity used in the pumping process of water from the ground to the surface level.
Commonly, food loss means throwing food uneaten or half-eaten. Almost 7 million juveniles are dying every year out of starvation due to hunger or malnutrition.
Thus, here I have attempted to bring some of the food wastage reducing tips.
TIPS TO REDUCE THE FOOD WASTE
Usually people go for shopping frequently when the costs are cheap. Better not to do that. Instead, initially go and check your refrigerator then later take a decision of buying the required things and bring them.
At first decide the menu and make a list of the necessary items. Then go shopping and purchase those vital things.
In general, people buy food in bulks on discounts. Doing such might spoil the food and it may be unsafe to eat.
If in case large quantities of food items gets waste then take a step forward to donate it to the needy.
Kindly save, preserve or freeze the leftover items that may include the dishes, fruits, vegetables, etc. Do not throw food uneaten.
One should make sure about the size of the dishes being they are offering in the restaurants. Make sure you are aware of the quantity of food you get on your order. Also, do not hesitate to take the leftover food and keep it for your next meal.
While eating in a buffet then check the amount of food you can eat and accordingly serve yourself.
However, while cooking it is better not to over-serve the food.
Using the old vegetables or fruits before eating the new ones is a very good habit.
Buy the products based on the expiry dates. Do not bring the food, which has led to expiry duration.
Try to maintain a record of the food you are throwing every month. This is because you will be cautious in the successive month.
People find the process of canning and pickling generally interesting and fun.
Today we have been acquainting the advancement of technology in all fields so that we also encounter some of the apps, which help an individual in reducing the food waste.
Also, try to follow some of the compost methods, which would give manure to the garden.
One can also discover some of the benefits of reducing the food. They may include the following :
A) It was said that saving food is equal to saving money.
B) The reduction of methane gas takes place.
C) It conserves the energy and resources.
D) Also, one can note that by reducing the wastage of food, the pollution level also decreases.
Keeping these tips might help everyone in reducing the wastage of food. Besides, everyone should feel that it is his or her responsibility to take a step forward on a grave problem and fight against the food wastage.
REDUCTION OF FOOD WASTAGE IN INDIA:-
As mentioned already food is being squandered across the globe in different circumstances and thus has become the grave problem these days. Now let us look at some of the cases where there is possibility of wastage of food items. Generally, the food wastage is classify into three main units. They are in:
1) Production sector
2) Processing sector
3) Distribution sector
FOOD WASTE DUE TO REJECTION
When food is being prepared in industries sometimes due to irregular shape or what may be the reasons the food produced is wasted. Those reasons may include shape irregularity, no hardness in the prepared product and if the food made is spoiled while cooking, or the product tastes decaying or due to a long time of preservation, all these factors make humankind discard the food produced.
When the food wastage possibilities in the processing unit comes to the knowledge then that would accompany the above reasons too.
Examples like functions i.e., in household purposes, hotels, functions, schools or colleges or any other institutes, offices, etc. come under the distribution sector.
Going through each case let us bring a solution to it.
- INDUSTRIES and FACTORIES:
Commonly when seen through an industry or a factory one can observe that ingredients are taken in large amounts. For making available the food items to a wide range of people the team starts preparing products on a large scale, which is known as an FACTORY. When the ingredients are cooked and are brought to the required shape then the inspection takes by a group of people. The imperfect products which are less hard are thrown away.
- This sector packs the food items
After the production of food items, it must be went through packaging process for distribution. Thus, recruitment process starts for recruiting a vast number of people and the packing process takes place. While packing sometimes if it takes place late then the food may be spoiled. We should dispose the uneaten food.
- As said earlier, hotels or restaurants, households, functions, schools, colleges, offices, canteens, etc.
HOTELS or RESTAURANTS:
As a hotel is nowadays the most preliminary source for many people therefore, the sales of them have been raising gradually these days. Thus, the Hotel managements are taking measures to provide food for their customers without any failure. Because of this, they can get more money, but if in case the number of customers approaching a hotel is less than the left-over food will get waste.
As we know that these days the fast foods that are quite spicy are accepted widely by all the people. In some of the cases, if the spicy content is too high then due to that the customers who ordered it might throw the food without eating them. Also if the food is ordered is more and the tummy is full then also people throw away.
PRECAUTIONS AGAINST WASTE OF FOOD :
To reduce this problem, the hotel and restaurant management must follow a procedure in which the customers should call and order their before theirs arrival to the hotel.The team should prepare food only after the confirmation of the order. When the customers arrive, we should present them fresh and hot food. I hope this idea would help the customers to stay healthy. Implementing this idea would bring overall benefits like the hotel owner would get more profits and the health of people will be conserved. Also, one should try to order the food that they eat only. We should preserve the excess food for the next meal. If that seems weird, at least pack the food and give it to the people on the roadside. This is because as said earlier almost 7 million children are dying every year from starvation due to hunger and malnutrition.
Mostly, home is the place for get-together. In this case, the food prepared will be quite large than in normal days. In some cases if the food prepared tastes different the people will refuse to eat it. Also, if the guests comes home after eating something then also the food taken by them will be very less and then there are chances that the food gets waste.
When the children as then sometimes they feel hard to eat items they don’t like so they reject to eat those items.
- Initially one must send the food menu to all the quests who are attending the get together. Once the list is voted by, many then go for preparing it. Also make the list of items to be prepared for children and ask them that ill they eat or not.
- If the food prepared is left over in huge quantities ten try to freeze it and use it in next meal.
- Or else try to donate it to the needy people like give it in the orphanages, ONLY when the food smells good.
These days the functions are being the major cause of food wastage. The rich people try to show off their status by serving people with different cuisines. The food prepared will include all the regional food items, also some of the famous sweets along with some other popular cuisines.
Today the presentation and organisation of the dishes attracts and uges the people. People rather call this process as nouvelle cuisines.
The knowledge of wastage caused by left-over food occurs once the party is over. Then they would feel bad about the situation.
Generally, in that case try to donate the food to different old age homes, orphanages, etc. If not take measures to distribute the leftover food to the people who sleep on the pavements in the name of the person who was the main attraction of the function. Try to bestow the blessings upon your children of hungry people.
FOOD IN CANTEEN
These are the places where the fun would accompany the hard work. Usually one would enjoy the break times with their fellow beings. Thus, the best place to share their happiness in nothing but CANTEEN. Individuals find canteen food tastier than homemade ones. That is why all of them prefer to eat food in the canteen rather than the food they brought from their home. Ordinarily, the canteen people prefer to prepare the food a little spicy so that the purchasers would increase and thus profits would reach the sky. The spicy powder use in the canteen disturbs the intestine system, which disturbs an individual gastric troubles. Also, in that case the buyer when encounter too spicy items then they might reject the food and the food gets waste.
- Students wish to spend most of their college time in canteens only. They enjoy chattering with their friends about various things while appreciating the taste of canteen food. In the meantime, they do not observe how spicy the food is. After reaching home then the stomach reminds them about their past actions with the return gift.
FOOD WASTAGE REDUCTION METHODS:
- One should concentrate about the food they eat
- Buy the food to which they can eat maximum.
- It is better to go for homemade stuff rather than outside food.
- Try, not to waste food one purchase, as each penny counts while you eat.